Ukraine is known to be a testbed of cyber offense. Cybersecurity has a significant influence on the stability of Ukraine, particularly during elections. While the 2019 presidential election occurred securely and was not derailed, there were nevertheless some serious attempts to compromise the election, including by APT Dragonfly, which has been associated with Russian actors.
This report by CybExer Technologies evaluates the cybersecurity procedures and practical cooperation between Ukrainian agencies during 2019 presidential elections. How did the management of electoral IT systems and incident response during elections function? How did various agencies work together to solve problems? Based on the technical and operational analysis of cybersecurity, the report outlines 12 critical risks. For example, IT systems of the Central Election Committee are not listed as critical infrastructure, and the Central Election Committee lacks technical personnel. The report also proposes recommendations to Ukraine and other governments how to better organize themselves ahead of elections.
The report was completed as part of a consortium with the Estonian Center of Eastern Partnership within the framework of the European Union funded project “Countering Elections-related Cyber Threats and Disinformation Campaigns in Ukraine”.